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Sushma Swaraj
ms Sushma Swaraj

  • Department : Ministry of External Affairs.
  • Constituency : Vidisha.
  • Party : Bharatiya Janta Party.
  • Date of Birth : February 14, 1952
  • State Name : Madhya Pradesh
  • Permanent Address : C-7, Civil Lines, Prof. Colony,Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
  • Education Qualifications : B.A., L.L.B.
  • Present Address : 8, Safdarjung Lane,New Delhi - 110 011.
  • Email Address :


Mrs. Sushma Swaraj is the Minister of External Affairs of India. She was born on 14 February 1952 in Ambala, Haryana. She has been elected seven times as a Member of Parliament and three times as a Member of the Legislative Assembly. She is an Advocate by profession and was educated at S.D.College, Ambala Cantt (Haryana) and Department of Laws, Punjab University, Chandigarh. Her alma mater Punjab University has honoured her with the degree of Doctor of Laws (Honoris causa).

Political Career:
Mrs. Sushma Swaraj began her political career with the Akhil Bharatiya
Vidyarthi Parishad in the 1970s. She became a member of the Haryana Legislative Assembly and a Cabinet Minister in Haryana at the age of 25 in 1977. She became the President of Janata Party in Haryana in 1979, when she was 27. She was Education Minister, Haryana in the Bharatiya Janata Party–Lok Dal coalition government during 1987–90.

In April 1990, Mrs. Sushma Swaraj was elected as a Member of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of Indian Parliament) and remained there till 1996. She was elected to 11th Lok Sabha (Lower House of Indian Parliament) from South Delhi Parliamentary constituency in 1996. She became Union Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting in 1996. She was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha in 1998 from South Delhi Parliamentary constituency for a second term. Again, she was Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting with additional charge of the Ministry of Telecommunications from March-October 1998.

Mrs. Sushma Swaraj resigned from the Union Cabinet to take over as the first woman Chief Minister of Delhi in October 1998. Later, she returned to national politics and was Minister for Information & Broadcasting from September 2000 - January 2003 and Minister of Health & Family Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs from January 2003 to May 2004.

She was honoured with the "Outstanding Parliamentarian Award” in 2004. She is India’s first woman MP honoured with this award.

Mrs. Sushma Swaraj was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha in April 2006 from Madhya Pradesh. She served as the Deputy Leader of BJP in Rajya Sabha till April 2009. She won the 2009 election to the 15th Lok Sabha from the Vidisha Lok Sabha constituency in Madhya Pradesh and became Leader of Opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha in December 2009. She retained this position till May 2014. She was re-elected to 16th Lok Sabha from Vidisha in 2014 and was sworn in as Minister of External Affairs on May 26, 2014.

Mrs. Sushma Swaraj has held following positions during her political career:
1992-94 Chairperson, Joint Committee on Catering
1994-96 Chairperson, Committee on Petitions, Rajya Sabha
May-June 1996 Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting
1996-98 Chairperson, Sub-Committee on Upgradation and Modernisation of Naval Fleet
Mar-Oct 1998 Cabinet Minister for Information and Broadcasting (with additional charge of Ministry of Telecommunications)
Oct-Dec 1998 Chief Minister of Delhi
Sep 2000-Jan 2003 Cabinet Minister for Information & Broadcasting
Jan 2003-May 2004 Cabinet Minister of Health & Family Welfare and Parliamentary Affairs
Aug 2004-2009 Chairperson, Committee on Home Affairs, Rajya Sabha
Aug 2009- Jan 2010 Chairperson, Standing Committee on External Affairs
Dec 2009-May 2014 Leader of Opposition, Lok Sabha
May 26, 2014-till date Cabinet Minister of External Affairs

Personal Life:
Mrs. Sushma Swaraj is married to Mr. Swaraj Kaushal, a senior advocate of Supreme Court of India who served as Governor of Mizoram from 1990 to 1993. Mr. Swaraj Kaushal was also a Member of Parliament from 1998 to 2004. They have a daughter, Bansuri, who is a graduate from Oxford University and a Barrister at Law from Inner Temple.

About/Political Activities and achievement:
At present Sushma Swaraj is the All India Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party as also the official spokesperson of the party and the Union Minister for External Affairs in the government of India. She has served as a member of parliament for the sixth term and was the leader of opposition in the 15th Lok Sabha. She twice became MLA from Haryana during 1977-1982 and 1987-1990, and once from Delhi in 1998. In October 1998 she held the position of the first woman chief minister of Delhi. Her political career graph is a manifestation of her role in Indian politics. She held key positions both as a member of the ruling party and as that of opposition. She is a role model for many such young women who aspire to tread the path of Indian politics.

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